A database of over 5000 aircraft models.
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The Fairchild Hiller FH-1100 is a single-engine, single two-bladed rotor, light helicopter which began as a design entry into United States Army's Light Observation Helicopter program. The Hiller Model 1100 was not selected but after Hiller Aircraft was purchased by Fairchild Stratos in 1964, the Model 1100 was successful marketed as a civilian helicopter, the FH-1100. The type certificate is now held by the FH1100 Manufacturing Corporation of Century, Florida. In October 1960, the Army submitted a request for proposals (RFP) for the Light Observation Helicopter (LOH). Hiller Aircraft (Hiller), along with 12 other manufacturers, including Bell Helicopter (Bell) and Hughes Tool Co. Aircraft Division (Hughes), entered the competition, submitting their designs to a Navy team for evaluation. Hiller submitted the Model 1100, which was recommended by the Navy team and eventually selected as one of three winners of the design competition by the Army in May 1961. The Army designated the Model...
Hughes H-6 Bell 206 MD Helicopters MD 500
Jan 21, 1963
The Douglas B-23 Dragon was a twin-engined bomber developed by Douglas Aircraft Company as a successor to (and a refinement of) the B-18 Bolo. Douglas proposed a number of modifications designed to improve the performance of the B-18. Initially considered a redesign, the XB-22 featured 1,600 hp Wright R-2600-1 Twin Cyclone radial engines. The complete B-18 redesign was considered promising enough by the USAAC to alter the original contract to produce the last 38 B-18As ordered under Contract AC9977 as the B-23. The design incorporated a larger wingspan with a wing design very similar to that of the Douglas DC-3, a fully retractable undercarriage, and improved defensive armament. Notably, the B-23 was the first operational US bomber equipped with a glazed tail gun position. The tail gun mounted a .50 caliber machine gun, which was fired from the prone position by a gunner using a telescopic sight. The first B-23 flew on July 27, 1939 with the production series of 38 B-23s manufactured...
North American XB-21 B-25 Mitchell B-26 Marauder Douglas XB-22 Yermolayev Yer-2
Jul 27, 1939
Douglas Aircraft Company
Medium bomber Multipurpose aircraft
United States Army Air Forces
The Huff-Daland XB-1 was a prototype bomber aircraft built for the United States Army Air Corps. The XB-1 was the first aircraft named using just a B- designation. Prior to 1926, the U.S. Army used LB- and HB- prefixes, signifying 'Light Bomber' and 'Heavy Bomber'. The first XB-1, called the Super-Cyclops by Huff-Daland, was an extension of the earlier Huff-Daland XHB-1 'Cyclops'. It was essentially the same in size, but sported a twin tail and twin engines. The XB-1's gunnery arrangement was new for an American bomber, but it had been previously used by the British and the Germans near the end of World War I. The Army Air Corps had decided that single-engined bombers such as the XHB-1 performed more poorly and with less safety than the more traditional twin-engined bomber. The aircraft flew for the first time in September 1927. Its original Packard engines did not provide enough power for the aircraft, and it was refitted with more powerful Curtiss Aircraft "Conqueror" engines. This...
B-2 Condor Martin NBS-1 Fokker F.VII
The Nakajima Ki-201 Karyu/Karyū 中島 キ-201 火龍 ("Fire Dragon") was a Japanese jet fighter project designed during the final stages of World War II but which was never completed. The Karyu began as an in-house project by Nakajima in early 1945 to apply what was being learned about jet aircraft from the Nakajima Kikka attack aircraft to a fighter design. The Kikka had been inspired by the successful German Messerschmitt Me 262, but the similarities to that aircraft were limited to general configuration. On the other hand, the design team led by Iwao Shibuya based the Karyu far more closely on the German aircraft, which had already proven itself quite formidable. Nakajima attempted to interest the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force in the aircraft, and seems to have succeeded at least far enough to have had an official designation ("Ki-201") applied to it, but at that point, the Army had already decided to pursue derivatives of the Mitsubishi J8M, designated Mitsubishi Ki-200 and Mitsubishi...
Messerschmitt Me 262
Nakajima Aircraft Company
designed - Imperial Japanese Army - 1945
0 - Dec 1945
The Wright Flyer (often retrospectively referred to as Flyer I or 1903 Flyer) was the first powered aircraft, designed and built by the Wright brothers. They flew it four times on December 17, 1903 near the Kill Devil Hills, about four miles south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, U.S. The U.S. Smithsonian Institution describes the aircraft as "...the first powered, heavier-than-air machine to achieve controlled, sustained flight with a pilot aboard." The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale described the 1903 flight during the 100th anniversary in 2003 as "the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight." The Flyer was based on the Wrights' experience testing gliders at Kitty Hawk between 1900 and 1902. Their last glider, the 1902 Glider, led directly to the design of the Flyer. The Wrights built the aircraft in 1903 using 'giant spruce' wood as their construction material. The wings were designed with a 1-in-20 camber. Since they could not find a suitable...
Dec 17, 1903
Wright brothers Wright Company
Experimental aircraft Fixed-wing aircraft
Wright Flyer III Wright Flyer II 1902 Wright Glider
The Yakovlev Yak-36, also known as Izdeliye V, (NATO reporting name 'Freehand') was a Soviet technology demonstrator for a VTOL combat aircraft. From 1960, the Yakovlev Design Bureau began work on a VTOL system, using the compact and lightweight Tumansky RU-19-300 turbojet engine, drafting a proposal for the Yak-104, a converted Yak-30 jet trainer with two vertically mounted Ru-19 engines between the inlet ducts of the standard Yak-30 powerplant. Work on the Yak-104 was terminated in favour of an aircraft with a single lift/cruise engine with rotating nozzles, similar to the Hawker Siddeley P.1127, which was nearing completion in England. Unable to find a suitable engine or convince the government to order the development of one the Yakovlev bureau was forced to follow a different course. In response to a contract for the development of a single seat V/STOL fighter in 1961, Yakovlev proposed a twin engined aircraft with a large nose intake, engines in the forward fuselage and...
Hawker P.1127 Harrier Jump Jet
Soviet Air Force
The Me 209 of 1943 was a proposal for an enhanced version of the highly successful Bf 109 which served as the Luftwaffe's primary fighter aircraft throughout World War II. The Me 209, despite its designation, bore no relationship to the earlier Me 209. Messerschmitt's designation Me 209 was used for two projects during the late 1930s and early 1940s. The first Me 209 was a record-setting single-engine race plane for which little consideration was given to adaptation for combat. The second incarnation of the Me 209 project came in 1943 when Willy Messerschmitt proposed a heavily-modified version of his extremely successful but ageing Bf 109. This Me 209 would compete against Focke-Wulf's high performance Fw 190 D-9 and Ta 152 fighters. Like these enhanced versions of Kurt Tank's design, the new Me 209 would share most of its airframe with a proven model, in this case, the Bf 109G. This marked a departure from the first failed Me 209 and later Me 309 projects which had been new designs....
Nov 3, 1943
German Air Force
The Martin PBM Mariner was a patrol bomber flying boat of World War II and the early Cold War period. It was designed to complement the PBY Catalina in service. A total of 1,366 were built, with the first example flying on 18 February 1939 and the type entering service in September 1940. In 1937, the Glenn L. Martin Company designed a new twin engined flying boat to succeed its earlier Martin P3M and supplement the Consolidated PBY, the Model 162. It received an order for a single prototype XPBM-1 on 30 June 1937. This was followed by an initial production order for 21 PBM-1 aircraft on 28 December 1937. To test the PBM's layout, Martin built a ⅜ scale flying model, the Martin 162A Tadpole Clipper with a crew of one and powered by a single 120 hp (90 kW) Chevrolet engine, this flying in December 1937. The first genuine PBM, the XPBM-1, flew on 18 February 1939. The aircraft was fitted with five gun turrets and bomb bays that were in the engine nacelles. The gull wing was of cantilever...
Beriev Be-12 PB2Y Coronado Short Sunderland Beriev Be-6 Saro Lerwick
Feb 18, 1939
United States Navy
Flight 19 1946 Antarctica PBM Mariner crash
The Short Crusader was a British racing seaplane of the 1920s built by Short Brothers. Powered by a Bristol Mercury engine, it was designed under Colonel W.A. Bristow, the detail design work being carried out by C.T.P Lipscomb at Shorts and construction by Shorts at Rochester. It was used as a backup and a training aircraft for the RAF High Speed Flight in their bid to win the Schneider Trophy in the 1927 competition staged at Venice. It crashed before competing, however, as a result of the inadvertent crossover of the aileron cables during reassembly after the trip to Italy. Data from Barnes & James General characteristics Performance
Supermarine S.5 Macchi M.52
May 4, 1927
Royal Air Force
The AEG PE (Panzer Einsitzer - "armoured one-seater") was a triplane ground-attack aircraft of World War I, one of the first aircraft to be designed from the outset for that role. It was rejected by the Idflieg because it was felt that its poor maneuverability made it too vulnerable to enemy fighters. Data from German Aircraft of the First World War General characteristics Performance Armament
Ground attack aircraft
The Vought F7U Cutlass was a United States Navy carrier-based jet fighter and fighter-bomber of the early Cold War era. It was a highly unusual, semi-tailless design, allegedly based on aerodynamic data and plans captured from the German Arado company at the end of World War II, though Vought designers denied any link to the German research at the time. The F7U was the last aircraft designed by Rex Beisel, who was responsible for the first fighter ever designed specifically for the US Navy, the Curtiss TS-1 of 1922. Regarded as a radical departure from traditional aircraft design, the Cutlass suffered from numerous technical and handling problems throughout its short service career. The type was responsible for the deaths of four test pilots and 21 other U.S. Navy pilots. Over one quarter of all Cutlasses built were destroyed in accidents. The poor safety record was largely the result of the advanced design built to apply new aerodynamic theories and insufficiently powerful,...
F4D Skyray F-8 Crusader A-7 Corsair II
Sep 29, 1948
Naval aviation fighter aircraft Fighter aircraft
United States Navy US Marines
Mar 2, 1959
The de Havilland DH.114 Heron was a small, propeller-driven British airliner that first flew on 10 May 1950. It was a development of the twin-engine de Havilland Dove, with a stretched fuselage and two more engines. It was designed as a rugged, conventional low-wing monoplane with tricycle undercarriage that could be utilised on regional and commuter routes. One hundred and fifty were built, exported to around 30 countries. Herons later formed the basis for various conversions, such as the Riley Turbo Skyliner and the Saunders ST-27 and ST-28. Immediately after the Second World War, the aircraft manufacturer de Havilland developed the DH.104 Dove, a small, two-engined passenger aircraft intended as a replacement for the earlier Dragon Rapide, and which soon proved to be successful. As a further development, the company basically enlarged the Dove; the fuselage was lengthened in order to provide room for more passengers or freight, and the wingspan was increased to make room for two...
May 10, 1950
British European Airways
Prinair Flight 191
The Rockwell Commander 112 is an American four-seat cabin single piston-engine monoplane designed and built by North American Rockwell (later Rockwell International) in the 1970s. A developed version was also built by Commander Aircraft in the 1990s and early 2000s, and as of late 2008 the type is due to go into production again in the near future. In 1970 Rockwell designed and built two versions of a four-seat cabin low-wing monoplane; the fixed tricycle landing gear Commander 111 and the retractable tricycle landing gear Commander 112. Only two prototype Commander 111s were built; the company decided that only the Commander 112 would go into production. A prototype Commander 112 crashed after the tail failed during testing, which led to a redesign of the tail unit; this delayed the delivery of the first production aircraft until late in 1972. The 112 prototypes were powered by a 180hp (134kW) Lycoming O-360 engine; this was replaced by a 200hp (149kW) IO-360 engine in production...
2002 Pirelli Tower plane crash
The Sukhoi Su-15 (Aircraft P) was a prototype Soviet all-weather interceptor which never reached production. The name was later reused for an entirely different 1960s interceptor, see Sukhoi Su-15. The Su-15 was an early attempt at an all-weather jet-powered interceptor. Its development was ordered by the Soviet government in March 1947, with the approval of the Sukhoi Design Bureau’s preliminary midwing design featuring a pressurized cabin, radar, swept wings and tandem engines, similar to that already attempted by the Lavochkin L-200 and Mikoyan-Gurevich I-320. Per TsAGI, the sweep of the wings was selected to be 35 degrees. The first prototype was completed on 25 October 1948 — only four months after production had started. The Su-15 first flew on 11 January 1949 piloted by Sukhoi test pilot G. M. Shiyanov. In testing, Su-15 reached 1032 km/h (557 knots, 641 mph; Mach 0.888) at 4,550 metres (14,930 ft) and 985 km/h (532 knots, 612 mph; Mach 0.926) at 10,950 metres (35,930 ft), but...
Jan 11, 1949
Soviet Air Force
The Aero A.21 was a biplane military trainer aircraft developed in Czechoslovakia from the Aero A.11 reconnaissance-bomber. The aircraft was developed specifically as a night-trainer, to teach Czech Air Force pilots instrument flying techniques. General characteristics Performance
Night trainer aircraft
Czech Air Force
The Aero A.20 was a biplane fighter aircraft built in Czechoslovakia in 1923. It was evaluated for Czech Air Force service against Aero's competing A.18 and A.19 designs, a competition that the A.18 won, meaning that this aircraft never entered production, and only a single prototype was ever built. General characteristics Performance Armament
Czech Air Force
The Douglas A-26 Invader (B-26 between 1948–1965) was a United States twin-engined light attack bomber built by the Douglas Aircraft Co. during World War II that also saw service during several of the Cold War's major conflicts. A limited number of highly modified aircraft (designation A-26 restored) served in combat until 1969. The redesignation of the type from A-26 to B-26 has led to popular confusion with the Martin B-26 Marauder. Although both types used the R-2800 engine, they are completely different designs. The last A-26 in active US service was assigned to the Air National Guard; that aircraft was retired from military service in 1972 by the US Air Force and the National Guard Bureau and donated to the National Air and Space Museum. The A-26 was an unusual design for an attack bomber of the early 1940s period, as it was designed as a single-pilot aircraft (sharing this characteristic with the RAF's de Havilland Mosquito, among others). The aircraft was designed by Edward...
B-26 Marauder Junkers Ju 388 Bristol Brigand Bristol Beaufighter Bristol Buckingham Tupolev Tu-2 Junkers Ju 288
Jul 10, 1942
Douglas Aircraft Company
United States Air Force United States Navy French Air Force United States Army Air Forces
The Right Stuff
The Bell P-63 Kingcobra (Model 24) was a United States fighter aircraft developed in World War II from the Bell P-39 Airacobra in an attempt to correct that aircraft's deficiencies. Although the aircraft was not accepted for combat use by the United States Army Air Forces, it was successfully adopted by the Soviet Air Force. While the P-39 had originally been introduced as an interceptor, later in its development it was decided to reduce the cost and complexity of the engine by removing the turbocharger. High-altitude performance suffered dramatically as a result, and Bell proposed an experimental series to test out a variety of solutions. The resulting XP-39E featured two primary changes from the earlier P-39D from which it was developed. One was a redesigned wing. The root airfoil, a NACA 0015 on other models of the P-39, was changed to a NACA 0018, to gain internal volume. The other was a switch to the Continental I-1430 engine, which featured an improved overall design developed...
Bell XP-76 Yakovlev Yak-9 P-47 Thunderbolt Focke-Wulf Fw 190 P-51 Mustang Yakovlev Yak-3 Messerschmitt Me 509 Kawanishi N1K-J
Dec 7, 1942
United States Army Air Forces French Air Force Soviet Air Force
The Vickers VC.1 Viking was a British twin-engine short-range airliner derived from the Vickers Wellington bomber and built by Vickers Armstrongs Limited at Brooklands near Weybridge in Surrey. In the aftermath of the Second World War, the Viking was an important airliner with British airlines pending the development of turboprop aircraft like the Viscount. An experimental airframe was fitted with Rolls-Royce Nene turbojets and first flown in 1948 as the world's first pure jet transport aircraft. The Ministry of Aircraft Production ordered three prototype Wellington Transport Aircraft to Air Ministry Specification 17/44 from Vickers-Armstrongs Limited. The specification was for a peacetime requirement for a medium-short haul passenger aircraft. To speed development the aircraft used the wing and undercarriage design from the Wellington but the fuselage was new. Although the original contract referred to Wellington Transport Aircraft, on completion, the name Viking was chosen. The...
Convair 240 Avro Tudor C-131 Samaritan Saab Scandia Airspeed Ambassador Avro York
Jun 22, 1945
British European Airways British Overseas Airways Corporation, 19
Vickers Varsity Vickers Valetta
The Handley Page HP 81 Hermes was a British civilian airliner built by Handley Page in the 1940s and 50s. Closely related to Handley Page's Hastings military transport, the Hermes was a low-wing monoplane powered by four piston engines. 29 were built, serving briefly with BOAC in the early 1950s and later with several charter airlines. The Hermes was built to meet the 1944 Air Ministry specification for a pressurised civil transport capable of carrying 34 first-class or 50 tourist-class passengers, at the same time as the RAF required a new transport to replace its Handley Page Halifax, for which Handley Page designed the very similar Handley Page Hastings. Unlike the tail-wheel Hastings, the Hermes was planned to have a nose wheel undercarriage, although the first two prototypes, of which the first was an unpressurised "bare shell" and the second to be pressurised and fully equipped. It was intended to introduce the Hermes before the Hastings, but production was delayed after the...
Dec 2, 1945
Handley Page Aircraft Company
Handley Page Hastings
Aug 6, 1950